How were the Kenai Fjords formed? A true fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by ice segregation and abrasion of the surrounding bedrock. The Harding Icefield covers more than 700 square miles in Kenai Fjords National Park and is the source of over 35 named glaciers. This project highlights conversations with long-term residents of Seward, Alaska about their lives, and the traditional activities in the area around Exit Glacier from 1950-1980. Places where the fjord is shallow. Valley glaciers are nestled in valleys and don’t reach the sea. Similarly, you may ask, how was Kenai Fjords formed? Sightseeing at Kenai Fjords National Park, History: How the Kenai Fjords Were Formed. Kenai Fjords has very unique rock structure. There are even some parts of the rock, like fossils, that come from other parts of the world! Strolling down the pebbly beach after a buffet lunch with Kenai Fjords Tours or during the early evenings before dinner if you're a guest at Kenai Fjords Wilderness Lodge, it's easy to get transfixed by the simple joy of beachcombing. Harding Ice Field: The Harding Icefield covers more than half of the park and conceals an entire mountain range under several thousand feet of ice. They are formed on the many mountainsides and push slowly down, through the valleys. Though usually associated with Norway, fjords are found in many places throughout the globe, such as Alaska, Chile, New Zealand, Labrador, British Columbia and quite a few more. Read more. Kenai Fjords Tours by Pursuit, Alaska's #1 Wildlife and Glacier Cruise, exploring Resurrection Bay and Kenai Fjords National Park for over 40 years. Here you have a glimpse into the edge of the Hard­ing Ice­field. ️ . Since the park was established, evidence of global climate change has been brought to the forefront of science. Fox Island is the kind of place that makes you feel good inside. The water carried dissolved minerals such as iron, silica, arsenic, and gold. The mouth of Fjærlandsfjord is about 400 m (1,300 ft) deep while the main fjord is 1,200 m (3,900 ft) nearby. Glaciers, earthquakes, and ocean storms have shaped Alaska's Kenai Fjords for centuries, resulting in constantly changing terrain. A fjord forms where a glacier cuts a gorge below sea level, and then retreats, allowing the sea to flood the channel. Kenai Fjords has very unique rock structure. This process creates deep valleys where the glacial force is strongest, forming fjords. In front of the glacier arm, there was deposited a moraine of gravel and sand that formed an underwater barrier, often called "sea thresholds" or "ra". The park’s dramatic landscape includes spectacular mountains with great glaciers flowing down between them to the sea, as well as mile-deep fjords that provide a habitat for thousands of nesting seabirds and smaller marine mammals such as sea otters, harbor seals, and sea lions. Kenai Fjords National Park was established in 1980 with the specific goals of maintaining the scenic beauty and environmental integrity of the Harding Icefield and its glaciers and fjords. Kenai Fjords National Park has about 7 miles of trails in the Exit Glacier Area including the Glacier Overlook Loop, Glacier View Loop, and the Harding Icefield Trail. There are a few companies that offer boat tours of in the Kenai Fjords National Park. . According to the standard model, glaciers formed in pre-glacial valleys with a gently sloping valley floor. 10. Some rock was once coral reef close to the equator: It was carried along as the Pacific plate rotated counterclockwise, traveling north. These features are incredibly scenic and are a part of the reason that this region was protected and established as Kenai Fjords National Park. Some rock was once coral reef close to the equator: It was carried along as the Pacific plate rotated counterclockwise, traveling north. The boats usually depart form Seward or Whittier , small towns in southern Alaska settled approximately one-hour drive from each other. The fjords of the Kenai Peninsula were formed by the advance and retreat of the glaciers. It was heated and pressed into a new form. Thought for Kenai Fjords National Park: Provide shelter to others in the storm, just like fjords provide calm water refuge in rough seas. The Sandstone found in Kenai Fjords National Park is typically; white, gray, yellowish, or dark red. Fjords form when glaciers carve those deep, u-shaped valleys into the rocky earth near coastlines. Kenai Fjords National Park is a United States National Park established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. Visitors can walk around the bottom of Exit Glacier and learn about climate change in the nature center. 65 million years ago, the Kenai Mountains originated from the sands and muds deposited on the sea floor. Cruise … Coastal landforms are created or formed as a result of wave processes. It is the only Alaska national park that did not originally allow subsistence use by Native Americans, but native vi… In the process of their formation, hot silica-rich fluids penetrated the young rocks and then crystallized to form milky white quartz veins. Exit Glacier Project Jukebox is a digital branch of the University of Alaska Fairbanks Oral History Program. Sort By: More than half of Kenai Fjords is obscured by it, and glaciers are one of Alaska’s coolest natural attractions. ADULT PRICE: $239.00. If you are only there for the day, you will want to visit the National Park visitor center. Kenai Fjords National Park is located just outside the town of Seward in South-central Alaska, 126 miles south of Anchorage. Some features are created by erosion and others by deposition. Surreal experience in front of Holgate Glacier in Kenai Fjord National Park in Alaska. Kenai Fjords National Park is a must see in Alaska. Find out if there are any ranger-led activities. Most fjords formed during ice ages when the ocean level was lower. Formed nearly 50,000 years back during ice age, this glacier left us in complete awe of its beauty. On Facebook, the Kenai Fjords National Park service shared three photos of an “ice-dammed lake” above Bear Glacier taken on three different … The park is capped by the largest icefield entirely contained within the United States, Harding Icefield, a 300 square mile expanse covering a mountain range under ice several thousand feet thick. The Kenai Peninsula's Golden Geology. Established in 1980, by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, this book explores the administrative history of Kenai Fjords National Park. Small floating icebergs are a result of the glacier calving (breaking of glacial ice). A vegetation chronosequence has developed on an outwash plain formed as Exit Glacier (Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska, U.S.A.) retreated, beginning in the late 1700s. There are a couple short (but steep) trails that go up to a viewpoint of the Exit Glacier, or visitors can hike the 8.2-mile round trip Harding Icefield Trail. Explore the pristine waters of Resurrection Bay on this … Granite Island The usual route for tour boats departing Northwestern Fjord and Harris Bay is to go back through Granite Passage, shielding the boats from the brunt of wind and waves from the Gulf of Alaska. Tectonic activity did the building We think of Alaska as a chillingly cold place, but that cold belies its volcanically active past, present, and future. Most of the rocks throughout Kenai Fjords are categorized in a group called the Chugach terrane which is mostly made up of two major types or smaller groups of rocks.The first mini group is made up of marine volcanic rocks combined with shale and chert. By 2010, the status of the river was changed to a Category 2, or "water that attains its designated uses." Enjoy skipping rocks and a guided nature walk with a National Park Ranger. Kenai Fjords National Park was established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA). Glaciers move slowly over time and leave significant changes to the landscape they pass over in a process known as glaciation. This shallow threshold in the mouth of the fjord, is the reason that fjords often are quieter than the open sea. Relevance Since we weren’t up for a multi-day kayaking tour, we signed up for Major Marine Tour’s 7 1/2 hour tour of the fjords, glaciers, and wildlife of the park and it was stellar! After reading descriptions and reviews, I decided on Major Marine Tours’ 6 hours long Kenai Fjords Cruise. It is the fifth most-visited park in Alaska, but the 11th of 13 Alaska parks in area, and is the closest national park to Anchorage. Kenai Fjords National Park is home to some of the most magnificent glaciers in Alaska. Kenai Fjords National Park is located just outside the town of Seward in South-central Alaska, 126 miles south of Anchorage. . The Kenai Fjords, like much of Alaska’s landscape, were formed by two incredibly powerful but seemingly opposite forces: tectonic activity and glaciers. Impressions of Kenai Fjords National Park: Glaciers, fjords, wildlife, majestic mountains that reach right to the coast, are what makes this park so enjoyable. Most of the cruises are available from mid-May until mid-September. It’s a scenic mashup of sky-high peaks, temperate rainforest, pristine inlets and ice—a whole lot of ice. Often, they terminate in large, freshwater lagoons. The Kenai Peninsula breaks off from the rest of the large state of Alaska and juts out into the sea, defiant and icy. 270. The first section organizes the Instructional Resources by resource type. Recent park management documents or current laws and policies can be found in the park management section. 5 Adventures That'll Make Your Stomach Drop, Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. How was Kenai Fjords formed? Hear the story of how the glaciers were formed and how the land recovers as they recede. 8.5 Hour Northwestern Fjord Cruise. Exit Glacier Project Jukebox is a digital branch of the University of Alaska Fairbanks Oral History Program. Resurrection Bay: A boat trip out on the bay gives you a great view of the coast, and you can do a little fishing at the same time. Today, nearly 51 percent of the park is covered by ice. Recently Updated Renowned for jagged cliffs and pristine pebble beaches, they are a must-see for Alaska visitors. In the process of their formation, hot silica-rich fluids penetrated the young rocks and then crystallized to form milky white quartz veins. A vegetation chronosequence has developed on an outwash plain formed as Exit Glacier (Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska, U.S.A.) retreated, beginning in the late 1700s. Kenai Fjords National Park has many fjords from glaciers that sprout off the Harding Icefield and flow down into the Gulf of Alaska. See more ideas about Kenai, Kenai fjords, Kenai fjords national park. The work of the glacier then left an overdeepened U-shaped valley that ends abruptly at a valley or trough end. There are even some parts of the rock, like fossils, that come from other parts of the world! In Kenai Fjords National Park, over half of the landmass is covered by the enormous Harding Icefield, a thousand-foot block of ice that dates back to the last Ice Age. The historic resource study of Kenai Fjords National Park. Accessible by road and a short trail, this glacier shows visitors the landscape a retreating glacier left behind. 65 million years ago, the Kenai Mountains originated from the sands and muds deposited on the sea floor. Such valleys are fjords when flooded by the ocean. They are formed by glaciers through cutting a U-shaped valley in the terrain, with some being formed … Date of experience: September 2020. Often, they terminate in large, freshwater lagoons. These precipitated out, forming white and brown streaks across the darker bedrock. Kenai Fjords National Park is a vast, jagged wilderness, carved into existence by ancient icefields and the passage of time. As park glaciers retreat, more bedrock is exposed. After the glaciers melt back a bit, seawater flows into the valley, submerging it and forming a steep-walled cove. All of this land was once buried beneath the ice and still bears its influence, in both the physical forms, and the everyday glacial terminology used at the park. JUNE 4 – SEPTEMBER 6, 2021. It was heated and pressed into a new form. The ice-dammed lake above Bear Glacier, in Alaska's Kenai Fjords National Park was full on November 4. See the film. Established as a national monument in 1978, the Kenai Fjords National Park officially became a national park in 1980. (coming soon as a 508-compliant PDF). Experienced kayakers often travel in and around Resurrection Bay. However, much of the area deglaciated since 1950 is partly flooded most years; this has slowed succession compared to other chronosequences on glacial till. Kenai Fjords National Park is a glacial landscape of ice, tidewater glaciers, deeply chiseled fjords, and jagged peninsulas formed by the forces of the Harding Grewingk-Yalik … The Kenai Fjords, like much of Alaska’s landscape, were formed by two incredibly powerful but seemingly opposite forces: tectonic activity and glaciers. The islands, the glaciers and wildlife all contribute to feeling like you are in a place that is truly isolated and protected. Thus fjords … These features are incredibly scenic and are a part of the reason that this region was protected and established as Kenai Fjords National Park. Whether you are planning a trip to south-central Alaska or exploring from home, learn more about the history of the park by exploring these articles, books, recordings, and more about the history of this special area. Source: Kenai Fjords National Park/Facebook … Kenai Fjords National Park is an American national park established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act.The park covers an area of 669,984 acres (1,046.9 sq mi; 2,711.3 km 2) on the Kenai Peninsula in south-central Alaska, near the town of Seward.The park contains the Harding Icefield, one of the largest ice fields in the United States. Valley glaciers are nestled in valleys and don’t reach the sea. Kenai Fjords National Park is your park. Some stretch northwest into rugged hills of the Kenai Peninsula. A Stern and Rock-Bound Coast (1998) by Linda Cook and Frank Norris. This book would make a really nice coffee table book. Seward is accessible year round via the Seward Highway, a National Scenic Byway with stunning views of Turnagain Arm, Kenai Lake, glaciers, wetlands and rugged mountains. The dramatic coastal fjords and valleys of the park reveal a long … According to the standard model, glaciers formed in pre-glacial valleys with a gently sloping valley floor. arete. Kenai Fjords Tours (1:07). The centerpiece of the park is Lassen Peak, the largest plug dome volcano in the world. Kenai Fjords is a 650,000-acre National Park on the Kenai Peninsula in south-central Alaska. Fjords are formed by the movement of glaciers. In certain places, it was also broken. Title, Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. The bedrock of Kenai Fjords National Park was carried north by the action of the tectonic plates. Most people visit Kenai Fjords National Park to explore the Exit Glacier. They are formed on the many mountainsides and push slowly down, through the valleys. 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