APA (6th ed.) Dedicated to Philip II to alert the Castilian Crown to these atrocities and demand that the Indians be entitled to the basic rights of humankind, this passionate … He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” is an important and remarkable work, as well as the earliest documentation of a concerted effort to advocate for better and more humane treatment of the native people of the New World. But it is true that the desolation of these islands began only with the death of the most Serene Queen Isabella, about the year 1504. Get this from a library! The Requerimiento provided the official answer to these questions. The description of the behavior of the Spanish is negative. This account of Las Casas, who spent much of his life in the New World, specifically spans the years 1509-1542, with some reference to the years between 1542 and 1552, when the book was published. In doing so, he helped develop just war theory. Spain's enemies used it to … Your Web browser is not enabled for JavaScript. Please enter your name. In A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, Bartolomé de Las Casas vividly describes the brutality wrought on the natives in the Americas by the Europeans primarily for the purpose of proclaiming and spreading the Christian faith. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for ... Cite/Export. It would take a long time, and many reams of paper to describe the slashes with whips, blows with staves, beatings and curses, and all the other torments they suffered during these backbreaking journeys, and even then it would only create horror and dismay in the reader. Written in 1542 and first published in 1552, “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” by Bartolome de Las Casas, a Dominican friar, is a moving and shocking account of the atrocities and mistreatment suffered by the indigenous people of South America under Spanish colonial rule. A short account of the destruction of the Indies. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. How does Christopher Columbus present the natives that he met in the New World? Most if not all these things were concealed and masked from the Queen’s knowledge (whom I hope God hath crowned with Eternal Glory) for she was transported with fervent and wonderful zeal, in fact, almost Divine desire for the salvation and preservation of these people, as we have seen with our own eyes and cannot easily forget. A Short Description of the Destruction of the Indies, a letter written soon after his first voyage, Christopher Columbus to Doña Juana de Torres, 1500, The Nature, Importance, and Means of Eminent Holiness Throughout the Church. Buy A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies by Bartolome de Las Casas online at Alibris. Do they both legitimate slavery? Please enter the message. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies Quotes Showing 1-9 of 9 “Y porque toda la gente que huir podía se encerraba en los montes y subía a las sierras huyendo de hombres tan inhumanos, tan sin piedad y tan feroces bestias, extirpadores y capitales enemigos del linaje humano, ense” He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/latin_america> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/indians_treatment_of> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/spanish_colonies> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/spain_america> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/indians_treatment_of_latin_america> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/america> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Person\/casas_bartolome_de_las_1484_1566> ; http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/730144> ; http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781420963199> ; http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1119987831> ; http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Person\/casas_bartolome_de_las_1484_1566>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/america>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/latin_america>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Place\/spain_america>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/indians_treatment_of>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/indians_treatment_of_latin_america>, http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/730144#Topic\/spanish_colonies>, http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/730144>, http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781420963199>, http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1119987831>. Bartolomé de las Casas (A Short Description of the Destruction of the Indies, 1542) describes the consequences of the Spanish conquest. Overall, do both documents encourage the same treatment of the indigenous people? 2.4 Point-Counterpoint: Political Lens Identify each statement about A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies as either true or false. Don't have an account? Cuba. C. Compare the attitudes and policies towards Native Americans expressed here with those of late nineteenth century observers. The Fifth Kingdom1 was Hiquey, over which Queen Hiquanama, an elderly Princess, whom the Spaniards Crucified, presided and governed. B. “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” is an important and remarkable work, as well as the earliest documentation of a concerted effort to advocate for better and more humane treatment of the native people of the New World. Despite de Vitoria’s arguments, distance from Madrid, limited means of communication, and the need for colonial wealth reduced the ability and willingness of Spain’s monarchs to control what was done in their name thousands of miles away from their palaces. Buy A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Penguin Classics) Reprint by Las Casas, Bartolome, Pagden, Anthony (ISBN: 9780140445626) from Amazon's Book Store. Constantino Brumidi, Bartolomé de Las Casas, 1876, Architect of the Capitol. Copy a citation. Would you also like to submit a review for this item? In a letter written soon after his first voyage, Christopher Columbus explained how he dealt with the natives and revealed his and Spain’s religious motive for exploring what he conceived to be, in explicitly religious terms (see Christopher Columbus to Doña Juana de Torres, 1500) a New World. What means were allowable in pursuit of these ends? This Isle ofHispaniolawas made up of Six of their greatest Kingdoms, and as many most Puissant Kings, to whose Empire almost all the other Lords, whose Number was infinite, did pay their Allegiance. I saw an infinite number of these people burned, and dismembered, and racked with various torments, and of those who survived these matchless evils who were then enslaved. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indiesby Friar Bartolomé de las CasasTHE LITERARY WORK A brief personal account written in 1542; published in Spanish (as Brevissima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) in 1552, in English in 1583.SYNOPSIS Bartolomé de las Casas reports to the King of Spain on the atrocities and injustices that Spanish soldiers have committed against the native people … Title. Some features of WorldCat will not be available. In truth they made use of them as beasts to carry baggage on their journeys, so much so that it frequently happened that the shoulders and backs of the Indians were deeply marked with sores, just as happens with animals that carry heavy burdens. Thus, the infinite number of inhabitants that formerly peopled this island were exterminated and dwindled away to nothing. His work with the Church gave him a startling glimpse into the cruelty and inhumanity that the native peoples were subjected to by the powerful Spaniards. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. His work with the Church gave him a startling glimpse into the cruelty and inhumanity that the native peoples were subjected to by the powerful Spaniards. This was true of all their actions in America. You can easily create a free account. What similarities or differences do you see in their underlying assumptions about the role of the native population in the future of what would become the United States? In Santo Domingo, Las Casas took part in military repression of the native uprisings and received an encomienda (grant of Indian labor and land) as a reward. In 1542, Las Casas wrote to the Spanish crown, who at the time was Charles V, “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies,” which spoke of Spain's treachery towards the native peoples in the Spanish colonies, and asked for it to end.1 During the Spanish conquest of the New World—the region of North America and South America—the Spaniards establish dominance over the natives. On what basis does the Requerimiento argue for the authority of the Spanish crown in the lands of the Western Hemisphere? Bartolomé de las Casas (A Short Description of the Destruction of the Indies, 1542) describes the consequences of the Spanish conquest. . The E-mail Address(es) field is required. But because so much might be said concerning the killing and destruction of these people, as cannot without great difficulty be written (nor do I conceive that one part of 1,000 that is here contained can be fully displayed) I will only add one remark more about the previously mentioned wars, and declare upon my conscience, that notwithstanding all the above-named injustice, profligate enormities and other crimes which I omit, (though sufficiently known to me) the Indians did not, nor was it in their power to, give [the Spaniards] any cause for these crimes, any more than the pious religious living in a well-regulated Monastery could give a sacrilegious villain any reason to deprive them of their goods and life. The more one was in favor with the domineering tyrant (whom they styled Governor), the more slaves he got, under the pretense, and on the condition, that he should instruct the slave in the Catholic religion. Whatever Spanish justifications, the Spanish conquistadores or conquerors proved brutal and rapacious as the conquest continued. What do both documents say about slavery and the use of force? [Bartolomé de las Casas; Nigel Griffin] Home. The purpose of the expeditions was primarily to convert the natives to Christianity and save them from eternal damnation. \u201CA Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies\u201D is an important and remarkable work, as well as the earliest documentation of a concerted effort to advocate for better and more humane treatment of the native people of the New World.\"@, # Brev\u00EDsima relaci\u00F3n de la destrucci\u00F3n de las Indias.\n, A short account of the destruction of the Indies\"@. . http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1119987831> ; http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat> ; Copyright © 2001-2020 OCLC. Las Casas participated in the conquest he recounts; he was also in Cuba during the conquest of that island. The name field is required. . They gave them nothing else to eat but wild grasses and other such insubstantial nutriment, so that the milk of nursing women dried up, which meant that recently born infants all died. Though generally condemned as slander in Spain, A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies rapidly became popular in the rest of Europe, where it served to fuel anti-Spanish hate. Yet, those Spaniards to whom the Indians were given were themselves for the most part idiotic, cruel, avaricious, and infected with all sorts of vices. He argued for limits on what could legitimately be done to the indigenous people. As a consequence, God, incensed at them, allowed them to fall into complete wickedness. Search. The subject field is required. Dedicated to Philip II to alert the Castilian Crown to these atrocities and demand that the Indians be entitled to the basic rights of humankind, this passionate … The index entry under “torture and death” in “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” is as eloquent about the fate of the native people of the Americas on first meeting the Spanish conquistadors as any review I could write: beating and flogging beheading burning dashing against rocks disemboweling dismembering drowning genocide hanging impaling killing for food maiming massacre overworking rape savaging with dogs strappado suicide I disappoint myself at never … A Brief Account of the Destruction of the by Bartolome de las Casas 5. His extensive writings, the most famous being A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies and Historia de Las Indias, chronicle the first decades of colonization of the West Indies and focus particularly on the atrocities committed by the colonizers against the indigenous peoples. Take this also for a general rule, that no matter which coast in the Americas the Spaniards were landed on, they carried out the same cruelties, slaughters, tyrannies and detestable oppressions on the most innocent Indian nations. …readership at the time than Bartolomé de Las Casas’s Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (1542; A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies).Originally a Spanish settler, Las Casas was appalled at the treatment of the Indians by the rapacious Spaniards. And as for those sins, the punishment of which God reserves to himself, such as the immoderate desire of revenge, hatred, envy or inward rancor of spirit, to which [the Indians] might be led against such capital enemies as the Spaniards, I judge that very few of [the Indians] can justly be accused of them; for their impetuosity and vigor, I know, to be inferior to that of children of ten or twelve years of age. The authorities in Madrid did not approve. Before that time very few of the provinces situated in that island [Hispaniola] were oppressed or spoiled with unjust wars, or violated with general devastation as they were afterwards. Please re-enter recipient e-mail address(es). How do the arguments presented both for and against the conquest of the Native American population compare to those used by abolitionists and pro-slavery advocates? Please enter recipient e-mail address(es). What is the significance of Columbus identifying the New World of the Western Hemisphere with the New World of the Old Testament prophet and the New Testament’s Book of Revelation? Synopis. Bartolome de Las Casas was determined to advocate for these oppressed people and traveled back and forth between Spain and the New World several times to bring the plight of the indigenous peoples to the attention of the King. Shop now. By what authority did the Spanish make claims on the native people and their land? Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias. Since the females were separated from and did not live with the men, there were no new births among them. No was there any cause for the Spaniards to enslave in perpetuity those who survived the initial massacre. Map of America (1540) Introduction. You may have already requested this item. Start studying Bartolome de las Casas, Preface to A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1552). Of the Kingdoms contained inHispaniola. Who has a better understanding of the role of law in founding new settlements, Columbus or Francisco de Vitoria? Are de Vitoria’s arguments compatible with the Requerimiento’s or do they differ? © 2006-2020 Ashbrook Center A Note on Editions and on this Translation. Las Casas participated in the conquest he recounts; he was also in Cuba during the conquest of that island. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. 1502 with his father and was ordained as a priest in 1510. A. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies Acknowledgements. The Devastation of the Indies is an eyewitness account of the first modern genocide, a story of greed, hypocrisy, and cruelties so grotesque as to rival the worst of our own century. The wars being over, and the inhabitants all swept away, the Spaniards divided among themselves the young men, women, and children, one taking thirty, another forty, to this man one hundred were given, to the other two hundred. Bartolome de Las Casas documented the ravages of the disease and greed the Spanish brought with them across the sea. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Islands of Puerto Rico and Jamaica. WorldCat is the world's largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online. They relieved Christopher Columbus of command over land he had discovered in part because of his brutality toward both Spanish settlers and the indigenous people. Bartolome de Las Casas documented the ravages of the disease and greed the Spanish brought with them across the sea. And this was the great care they had of [the Indians]: they sent the men to the mines to dig for gold, which is an intolerable labor; the women they turned to tilling and manuring the ground, which is drudgery even to men of the strongest and most robust constitutions. I really believe and am satisfied by certain undeniable conjectures, that at the very time when all these outrages were committed in this Isle, the Indians were not so much guilty of one single mortal sin of commission against the Spaniards, that might deserve from anyone such revenge. He first visited the "Indies" at age 18 in 1502, on an expedition with Nicolas Ovando, governor designate of Hispañola(the island now occupied by Haiti and the Dominican Republic). A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies. For example, laws regulating conduct in the conquest were promulgated in 1513 and 1542 (the latter partially repealed in 1545 because of opposition). The Mainland. Prologue (Preface) Hispaniola. He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. Casas, Bartolomé de las, 1484-1566. The E-mail message field is required. In 1542, after Las Casas first composed the account for which would be later known as A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, he presented the account as a proof of atrocities committed upon Indians by colonial authorities before the members of the Council of the Indies during the hearings on resolving issues of forceful conversion and colonial exploitation of Indians held under the order sanctioned by … We have new and used copies available, in 3 editions - starting at $4.22. Written in 1542 and first published in 1552, “A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies” by Bartolome de Las Casas, a Dominican friar, is a moving and shocking account of the atrocities and mistreatment suffered by the indigenous people of South America under Spanish colonial rule. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies Quotes Bartolomé de Las Casas This Study Guide consists of approximately 32 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. Brev\u00EDsima relaci\u00F3n de la destrucci\u00F3n de las Indias.\" ; Export to EndNote / Reference Manager(non-Latin), http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1119987831>. TeachingAmericanHistory.org is a project of the Ashbrook Center at Ashland University, Privacy Policy They were compelled to carry burdens of eighty or one hundred pound weight a hundred or two hundred miles. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies was written with the task of informing the King of Spain about the murder and gold hoarding that was occurring in the New World. Of Hispaniola, present day Haiti and the Dominican Republic. 0 with reviews - Be the first. He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. The more time they spent in the Americas the more they diverted themselves with new ways of tormenting the Indians, improving in barbarism and cruelty. How to treat the indigenous people became an issue as soon as the Spanish arrived in the Western Hemisphere. The author of this document is European. Separate up to five addresses with commas (,). Francisco de Vitoria, on the contrary, (see De Indis) sought to mitigate the harshness of the conquest by arguing that law – civil, natural and divine – should prevail everywhere. Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours. [Place of publication not identified] : Digireads.com Publishing, [2019]. This is an excellent edition of "A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies." Bartolome de Las Casas, believed to have been born in 1484, immigrated to the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean from Spain in 1502 with his father and was ordained as a priest in 1510. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Spanish: Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) is an account written by the Spanish Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas in 1542 (published in 1552) about the torture, mistreatment and genocide of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas in colonial times. You may send this item to up to five recipients. Bartolome de Las Casas was determined to advocate for these oppressed people and traveled back and forth between Spain and the New World several times to bring the plight of the indigenous peoples to the attention of the King. Please enter the subject. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies - Ebook written by Bartolome Las Casas. Bartolome de Las Casas was determined to advocate for these oppressed people and traveled back and forth between Spain and the New World several times to bring the plight of the indigenous peoples to the attention of the King. Powered by Beck & Stone. Statement True False The author of this document believes the natives of the Indies are violent. His work with the Church gave him a startling glimpse into the cruelty and inhumanity that the native peoples were subjected to by the powerful Spaniards. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Spanish: Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) is an account written by the Spanish Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas in 1542 (published in 1552) about the mistreatment of and atrocities committed against the indigenous peoples of the Americas in colonial times and sent to then Prince Philip II of Spain. Or, a faithful NARRATIVE OF THE Horrid and Unexampled Massacres, Butcheries, and all manner of Cruelties, that Hell and Malice could invent, committed by the Popish Spanish Party on the inhabitants of West-India, TOGETHER With the Devastations of several Kingdoms in America by Fire … He became a Dominican friar,… Bartolome de Las Casas documented the ravages of the disease and greed the Spanish brought with them across the sea. Chicago (Author-Date, 15th ed.) In addition to the converts to Catholicism that Columbus mentions, the Spanish sought gold. Las Casas writes of men, women, and children burned alive "thirteen at a time in memory of … All rights reserved. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. Notes precede Las Casas' text that provide helpful background about why Las Casas wrote this work, how it relates to his other works, and its relationship to the political, social and economic dynamics of the first half of the Sixteenth Century. The new world allowed them to fall into complete wickedness ( a Short Account of the Spanish arrived the. Available, in 3 editions - starting at $ 4.22 bed woven by the Indians to nothing of., Architect of the Spanish brought with them across the sea to nothing the Dominican Republic has been.! The Description of the Destruction of the Indies - Ebook written by Bartolome las... For limits on what could legitimately Be done to the converts to Catholicism that Columbus mentions the. Vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and more flashcards!: \/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat > ; Copyright © 2001-2020 OCLC had to carry the Spaniards on their shoulders in carriage! 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