Aquifolium literally means leaves that have curved hooks like an eagle’s beak (aquiline is similarly derived). MAHONIA AQUAFOLIUM, Tall Oregon Grape 10 cu in Evergreen holly-like plant for sun or part shade. Mahonia is named after American Horticulturist, Bernard McMahon. Tall Oregon Grape has 5-9 leaflets per leaf with one central vein per leaflet. The roots of the plant generally found in nitrogen-medium soils with soil pH reaction and salinity of 5 to 8. It is an evergreen shrub growing 1 m (3 ft) to 3 m (10 ft)[4] tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. CLICK ON PHOTO FOR MORE INFORMATION Oregon grape is a flowering plant that has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine. It is a good as a groundcover that grows only 1 to 2 ft. (30-60cm) tall, spreading by underground rhizomes; in full sun or partial shade. This means you won’t be able to wildcraft your Oregon grape root - so grow it in your yard for harvest! In fact, the species gets its name from the name for English Holly, Ilex aquifolium. The bark should be bright yellow inside. It also handles shade and moisture as well. Its bronzy foliage, bright yellow, lightly scented flowers and bold texture can make an attractive addition to any landscape, but because of its prickly nature it should not be planted along walkways, where people may inadvertently brush up against it. Appropriately – Oregon grape is Oregon’s state flower. Some authors place Mahonia in the barberry genus, Berberis. Among these are tall Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium); Cascade, low, dull, or dwarf Oregon grape (M. nervosa); and creeping Oregon grape (M. repens). Fruits ripen September-October. Names: Oregon Grapes have leaflets with sharp spines along their margin. Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa, is another common Oregon Grape in our region. Propagation:  Seeds should be stratified for 90 days at 40º*F. (4ºC) or planted outside as soon as they are ripe– seeds should not be allowed to dry out. The leaves are generally shinier that those of Low or Creeping Oregon Grape. Loconte, H., & J. R. Estes. The roots of all Mahonias are bright yellow and were often used for making dye, especially for baskets. Creeping Oregon Grape, Mahonia repens, is chiefly an east of the Cascades species. Mahonia aquifolium. More rugged in appearance, it is looks best planted with shorter plants around it. Found 2 sentences matching phrase "tall Oregon-grape".Found in 2 ms. New growth in the spring is usually a bronzy red. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Creeping Oregon Grape or Creeping Mahonia is another valuable landscape shrub/groundcover. Growth: Tall Oregon Grape grows to about 6-8 feet (2-2.5m) tall and spreads by underground stems to about 5 feet (1.5m) wide. Its berries attract birds. Tall Oregon-grape was introduced to European gardens in the early 1800s. Photo credit: Seven Oaks Native Nursery. Mahonia aquifolium grows to 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves up to 30 cm (12 in) long, each leaf made up of spiny leaflets. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. The leaflets of Oregon Grape somewhat resemble the leaves of English Holly, Ilex aquifolium. Bright yellow flower clusters grow in the middle of the plant. Adding color and splendor to the shade garden, Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon Grape Holly) is a striking evergreen shrub with multi-season interest. Today, they are sometimes used to make jelly, alone or mixed with salal. Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from, Laferrière, Joseph E. 1997. The dark green holly-like leaves are divided into 5-9 leaflets. Growing to a max height of 6′ tall and 5′ wide, Oregon grape will slowly spread by rhizome. Horticulturists have consistently continued to use the genus Mahonia to refer to those species with compound leaves that give them a very different appearance from barberries. The upright clusters of fragrant yellow flowers appear from March to June, emerging from the center of the plant. Mahonia aquifolium is also known as Berberis aquifolium. Scrape the bark off using a butterknife, veggie peeler or pocket knife when it is fresh, as it is very difficult to get off when dried. [17] Oregon-grape juice can be fermented to make wine, similar to European barberry wine folk traditions, although it requires an unusually high amount of sugar. Oregon Grape Holly, Oregon Grape, Hollyleaved Barberry, Tall Oregon Grape, Hollyleaf Barberry, Berberis aquifolium, Berberis aquifolium var. Some Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau use Oregon grape for indigestion. Some botanists argue that the genus Mahonia is not different enough from the genus Berberis to warrant its own genus. The berries grow in clusters and are similar in appearance to small grapes. [21], Mahonia aquifolium contains 5'-methoxyhydnocarpin (5'-MHC), a multidrug resistance pump inhibitor, which works to decrease bacterial resistance in vitro. Old or disfigured stems can be pruned all the way to the ground. Bright yellow flower clusters grow in the middle of the plant. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom [12][13], Mahonia aquifolium is a popular subject in shady or woodland plantings. Oregon grape is used in landscaping similarly to barberry, suited for low-maintenance plantings and loose evergreen hedges. Tolerates acidic soils. Mahonias easily hybridize; intermediate forms often appear. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. [18] The berries can also be eaten raw after the season's first frosts.[19]. Tall Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium): A handsome, multitalented evergreen shrub with an upright growth habit. 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