The five main reasons why Duke William won the Battle of Hastings 5 Terms. With a usual build time of four to nine months, these castles could allow a lord or king to rapidly lay claim to a newly captured territory, or else … Plympton Castle. Castle Acre Castle. Clifford Castle. Until the end of the 12th-century, stone-built and earth and timber castles were widely used, but by the late 1100's, Motte-and -Bailey castles made of earth and timber began to fall out of fashion. With their own supply of food and facilities to repair weapons and armour, the Normans would be able to hold out much longer if the castle was besieged. Diagram of a motte-and-bailey castle. > Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. A motte and bailey castle is, as the name suggests, made up of two parts: the motte and the bailey. "Twelfth Century Great Towers - The Case for the Defence". View of Windsor Castle from the River Thames. 2 Answers. Motte and Bailey castles were fine while the Normans had little time and needed to show their control quickly. Stone keep castles held many advantages over the motte-and-bailey castles that they superseded. A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle situated on a raised earthwork and surrounded by a ditch and protective fence. The bailey might also house workshops and farm animals. Facts about Motte and Bailey Castles 5: The advantages of motte and bailey castles. Chartley Castle. Old Sarum Castle. Click the following link for details of Attacking Motte and Bailey castles Attacking a concentric castle during the Middle Ages was made difficult by the skills and designs of the concentric castles by people like King Edward I and his master builder and architect, Master James of St. George. HistoryTred; Subjects. The motte-and-bailey castle was a true European innovation. Stone castles had a number of advantages over wooden motte and bailey. the boxes with five pieces of information about Beaumaris, Harlech and advantages of a motte and bailey castle. Main doorways were built above ground level; disadvantages of stone keep castles. Oxford Castle. Windsor Castle - originally a motte and bailey castle. 5 improvments for a Motte and Bailey Castle 5 Terms. This was the most common form of castle in Europe in the 11th century, except in Scandinavia. All Castles in "Motte and bailey" (22) Motte and bailey. Maddytn. The most important part of the Motte and Bailey castle was the keep. England saw a major castle building operation after 1066 under William the Conqueror’s command. This was one of the reasons why Motte and Bailey castles were soon replaced by Stone Keep castles. Advantages of the motte and bailey castleAdvantages of the motte and bailey castle 1. Free. The huge motte … Motte and bailey castles appeared in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.Motte and bailey castles were a common feature in England by the death of William the Conqueror in 1087. Christchurch Castle. If there were houses where the Normans wanted to build a castle they often just built the motte straight on top. Fire has little effect on a stone castle. A single tower was built on (or partially within) the motte or earth mound while a courtyard area or bailey at the base was protected by a wooden palisade … Oakham Castle. At the foot of the motte was an enclosure called the bailey where the soldiers had their living quarters. The students then read a short piece of text and use it to label a small cut-out of the Motte and Bailey and this leads nicely into a task that looks at the advantages and disadvantages of the castle. A drawbridge was used to cross the ditch to give easy access to the bailey. 2. Perhaps the primary benefit of the motte-and-bailey design was the relative speed and ease with which they could be constructed. As a result further developments in castle building were needed. However, a large motte was very difficult to build as it took disproportionately more effort to pile up earth than in the case of smaller hills. Clare Castle. The thicker end of each line indicates a high point and the thinner end indicates a low point. They protected the soldiers that William … [38] Another factor may have been speed, as ringworks were faster to build than mottes. It is surrounded by a protective ditch and a fence called a palisade and was the first type of castle to be built in England after the Norman conquest in 1066. Wooden gate is the entrance to the Bailey. The remains of many motte … However, as time continued their weaknesses became obvious. Concentric castles were built by … Although William the Conqueror is credited with the introduction of the Norman castle in Britain, it is believed that there were three … Hertford Castle. The Bailey was the part of the castle where people lived and animals were kept. A motte-and-bailey castle is a wooden or stone keep building which sits on a raised mound called a motte and is accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, called a bailey. Download Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. Over the following decades the Dukes of Anjou popularised the design. Drag the sentences to the correct place in the table. Meulemeester, p.105; Cooper, p.18; Butler, p.13. What were the advantages of motte and bailey castles? An example plan of a motte and bailey castle. A motte and bailey castle could be up in a few weeks! It was a permanent structure which was harder to get into but people found ways … The bailey is a courtyard enclosed and protected by a ditch and a palisade (a wall made from lare wooden stakes). This was a huge difference compared to the years it would take to build a stone castle. Development of Castles 6 Terms. Windsor Castle, in England, is an example of a motte-and-bailey castle. Aim: To understand how castles developed, and to learn some important terminology These sheets cover the following: 1.What a motte and bailey castle is. This was called the bailey and in it soldiers were stationed and animals kept. Mottes were mounds, some natural, some man made, surmounted by a tower. Facts about Motte and Bailey Castles 4: The gate. Berkhamsted Castle. Maddytn. The sides of the Motte were purposely made steep so that in an attack it would be impossible for the enemy to run up them in one go. It was evident that there was a need for further innovation in castle defense. They protected the soldiers that William used to control the country and were easy to … (1) Describe the major advantages of Stone keep Castles over Motte and bailey Castles. Look at the list of information below. The development of the castles were cheap and quick. 3.What they looked like. To give added protection to the castle, both the Motte and Bailey would be surrounded by a ditch, sometimes filled with water. There are Guardhouses in some gates which were built besides the gate. Advantages and Disadvantages of Stone Keep Castles. A drawbridge was used for access to the castle. Eye Castle. The first motte-and-bailey castle was built at Vincy, Northern France, in 979. Their construction was the start of what was to become a massive castle building programme in England and Wales. This was a huge difference compared to the years it would take to build a stone castle. There are many advantages of motte and bailey castles. Liddiard (2005), p.23; King (1991), p.47. The Motte is the circular structure on the left. It was built on top of the Motte and could range in size from 25 feet to over 80 feet high. Maddytn. Originally, these castles were constructed from timber and earth alone; they were cheap and easy to build and didn't require any special design. A large castle might have more than one Bailey. Motte and bailey Sites. 4.What their advantages and disadvantages were. What were motte-and-bailey castles? (1) Describe the major advantages of Stone keep Castles over Motte and bailey Castles. Why were Motte and Bailey Castles Important? Rockingham Castle … The castles were quick to build. The students can also look at the potential effects this may have had on the Saxons by looking at a small video clip … Primarily, they were undeniably stronger defensive fortifications – until the late 12 th and early 13 th century, stone keep castles were effectively … The walls of Restormel are around 2.5m thick and 8m tall – consequently quite a beefy size for a true shell-keep; but the castle was expertly designed for defence, as it boasted a comparatively very deep moat. All of this could usually be achieved in about a week. While the concept of ditches, ramparts, and stone walls as defensive measures is ancient, raising a motte is a medieval innovation. 2. The original Motte and Bailey castle was built in the early 1100s; and the stone work was added in the early 1200s. NEXT A motte and bailey castle could be up in a few weeks! 2.Why they were built. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork with a stone or wooden keep (a fortified tower) on top. Advantages of a Motte and Bailey Castle. Castle designers realized it was preferable to build in more durable stone. Click the button below to download this worksheet for use in the classroom or at home. The largest motte and bailey castle in Britain is thought to be Old Sarum, located in Wiltshire, England. The stone keep castle was the next step up from the Motte and Bailey because it was made for comfort as well as a sign of power. Download Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. The … William the Conqueror (then the Duke of Normandy), observing their success in neighbouring Anjou, began to build them on his Norman lands. As the fire spread through the castle those living inside would be forced to leave allowing the attackers to take them prisoner or kill them. The Normans were known for being expert castle builders. Windsor castle is one of the many homes of our present day Queen. Motte and bailey castles could be built very quickly, some being raised in only eight days. Advantages of the motte and bailey castle 1. "Motte" redirects here. Built around 290 AD and known to the Romans as Anderitum, the fort appears to have been the base for a fleet … Motte and bailey castles were quick and cheap to erect - - some only took a couple of weeks! Arts and Humanities. Motte and bailey castles were built first, and when William had founded his reign over England he constructed large stone keep castles. Motte And Bailey Castles Advantages and Disadvanteges 10 Terms. 5.Activity and Task … The castles were quick to build. Motte and Bailey castles were built in the 11th century just after the battle of Hastings in 1066. The strengths and advantages of concentric castles were numerous!What were the Weaknesses and Disadvantages of Concentric … The motte and bailey castle was an early form of medieval fortification especially popular with the Normans in northern France and Britain during the 11th century CE. Burgh Castle. There are two baileys shown on the plan, an inner and outer bailey. Pevensey Castle is a medieval castle and former Roman Saxon Shore fort at Pevensey in the English county of East Sussex.The site is a Scheduled Monument in the care of English Heritage and is open to visitors. The lines on the plan show how the ground rises and falls. What were the advantages of motte and could range in size from 25 feet to over 80 feet.. Information about Beaumaris, Harlech and advantages of motte and bailey castles, and... Important part of the many homes of our present day Queen in 1066 in size from feet! 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